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USDA Texas Hay                                     09/13 08:45
AM_GR310        
Amarillo, TX       Fri Sep 13, 2019    USDA Market News

Weekly Texas Hay Report 

   Compared to last report: Hay trades were mostly steady to firm.  
Trading activity moderate on light demand.  Margins continue to be very
tight on feeding rations for feeders and dairymen, which has slowed hay 
trade as they try to settle on a price.  Significant rain fell in the 
North, Central, and East regions which should be enough to jumpstart 
fields again and allow many producers to get a third cutting.  Producers 
are still supplementing livestock in the West as range conditions 
continue to decline.  Prices for hay and pellets quoted per ton except 
where noted. 

   The Texas Department of Agriculture has Hay and Grazing phone set 
up for Buyers and sellers looking for hay or grazing; the number is 1-
512-787-9966. The website for the hotline is: 
http://www.texasagriculture.gov/Home/ProductionAgriculture/HayHotline.asp
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Panhandle/High Plains:
Alfalfa: Large Squares: Delivered: Premium to Supreme: 235.00-
255.00; Good to Premium: 185.00-195.00.              
Small bales: Delivered: Premium: 264.00-272.00, 8.00-8.25 per bale. 
Ground Alfalfa: Delivered to feedlots: Avg 190.00-205.00. 
                                           Calf 210.00-225.00. 
Coastal Bermuda: Large Bales: Delivered: Premium to Supreme: 
145.00-165.00.
Small Bales: 264.00, 8.00 per bale 
Wheat: Large Bales: Delivered: Beardless 120.00-145.00. Rained on 
95.00-110.00. 
Sorghum: Large Bales: Delivered: 140.00-150.00.
      Cotton Burrs: Ground and Delivered: 90.00-100.00. 

Far West Texas/Trans Pecos: 
Alfalfa: Small Squares: Delivered local or FOB: Premium to Supreme
     290.00-330.00, 10.00-11.00 per bale.
      Large Squares: FOB: Premium to Supreme 250.00-265.00; Good to     
Premium 230.00-245.00.

North, Central, and East Texas:
Alfalfa: Large Squares: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 255.00-
260.00.
   Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 8.00-10.00 per 
      bale.
      Large Rounds: FOB: Good to Premium 65.00-75.00 per roll.
         
South Texas:
   Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 8.00-10.00 per 
      bale; Fair to Good 5.00-8.00 per bale. 
 Large Rounds: FOB and delivered locally: Good to Premium 120.00-
160.00, 60-80.00 per roll; Fair or Grass mix 100.00-110.00, 50.00-
55.00 per roll.
   
   Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more 
than 10% grass)
Quality       ADF     NDF     *RFV     **TDN-100%     **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme       <27     <34     >185        >62           >55.9      >22
Premium      27-29   34-36   170-185    60.5-62       54.5-55.9   20-22
Good         29-32   36-40   150-170      58-60       52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair         32-35   40-44   130-150      56-58       50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility       >35     >44     <130         <56          <50.5      <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula. 
**TDN calculated using the western formula.  Quantitative factors are 
approximate, and many factors can affect feeding value. Values based on 
100% dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 90%).  Guidelines are to be used 
with visual appearance and intent of sale (usage).

  Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium             Over 13
Good                 9-13
Fair                 5-9
Utility             Under 5

Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding 
value.  Values based on 100% dry matter.  End usage may influence hay 
price or value more than testing results. 

Hay Quality Designation's physical descriptions: 
   Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
leafy. Factors indicative of very high nutritive content.  Hay is 
excellent color and free of damage.
   Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in 
grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of a high 
nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.  
   Good: Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes 
and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed, free of 
damage other than slight discoloration. 
   Fair: Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in grass 
hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally coarse stemmed. Hay 
may show light damage. 
   Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed.  This category 
could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy weed 
content or mold.  Defects will be identified in market reports when using 
this category.


Source:  USDA Market News Service, Amarillo, TX
         Lana Hutto, Market Reporter 806-356-5785
   Landrea.hutto@ams.usda.gov            
   www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/AM_GR310.txt
         
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