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USDA IA & NE Hay                                   11/14 12:05
Kearney, NE    Thu Nov 14, 2019    USDA-NE Dept of Ag Market News

Nebraska Hay Summary - Week Ending Nov 15, 2019

  Compared to last week alfalfa, grass hay and ground and delivered hay 
sold steady. Demand was light to moderate in the central and eastern 
regions of the state with good demand noted in the Panhandle from out of 
state buyers. Several loads of large squares continue to head east down 
I-80 to dairies, horse owners and cattlemen for winter needs. Several 
reports balers are very busy wrapping up cornstalks this fall. Contacts 
stated most stalk bales are better quality than last year, consisting of 
more shucks and fodder than previous years. Some contacts reported fall 
harvest is done with several reports we still have some acres to get 
out. Some of the corn has been slow to dry down. Note: All sales are 
dollars per ton FOB the field or hay barn, unless otherwise noted. All 
reported prices are confirmed sold.

Eastern/Central Nebraska
Alfalfa: Premium large squares 176.00-200.00; Good large squares 160.00- 
165.00; Fair large squares 135.00; Good large rounds 95.00-105.00, few at 
115.00. Prairie Hay: Premium large rounds 120.00-125.00; Good large 
rounds 90.00-100.00, few at 115.00; Fair large rounds 75.00-85.00. 
Premium small squares 170.00-180.00. Cane in large rounds 65.00-70.00. 
Cornstalks large rounds 53.50, rounds and large square bales 65.00 
delivered. Soybean stubble large rounds 48.00. Straw large rounds 60.00. 
Dehy alfalfa pellets 17 percent 300.00.  
Platte Valley area of Nebraska
Alfalfa: Good large rounds 105.00-110.00, few at 115.00. Grass hay: Good 
large rounds 115.00-120.00. Ground and delivered alfalfa 140.00-145.00. 
Ground and delivered alfalfa/cornstalk mix 125.00-135.00. Cane/stubble 
mix ground and delivered 115.00. Ground and delivered cornstalks 95.00-
110.00. Dehy alfalfa pellets 17 percent protein 270.00-275.00; Sun-cured 
alfalfa 15 percent protein 240.00.

Western Nebraska
Alfalfa: Supreme large squares 200.00-215.00; Premium large squares 
180.00-195.00; Good large squares 160.00-170.00; Fair large squares 
130.00-140.00. Straw large squares 80.00. Ground and delivered alfalfa 
153.00-158.00. Sun-cured alfalfa pellets 15 percent protein 255.00. 

Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
         than 10% grass)

 Quality     ADF     NDF      *RFV     **TDN-100%   **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme      <27     <34       >185        >62         >55.9     >22
Premium    27-29   34-36    170-185    60.5-62     54.5-55.9   20-22
Good       29-32   36-40    150-170      58-60     52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44    130-150      56-58     50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility      >35     >44       <130        <56         <50.5     <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100 % dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 
90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of 
Sale (usage).
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines

         Quality            Crude Protein Percent
          Premium             Over 13
          Good                   9-13
          Fair                   5-9
          Low                Under 5

  Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence 
hay price or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
   leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative 
         of a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of   

Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in 
         Legumes and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium  
         stems and free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
         Legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This 
         Category could include hay discounted due to excessive 
         damage and heavy weed content or mold. Defects will be 
         identified in market reports when using this category.

Source:  USDA NE Dept of Ag Market News Service, Kearney, NE 
         Thomas Walthers, OIC (308) 390-5399

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